Archive for November, 2012

Some soldiers and civilians have been arrested in connection with the suicide bomb blasts that rocked the military Protestant church inside the Armed Forces Command and Staff College, Jaji, Kaduna, yesterday, a military source told us last night.

This came as the Director of Army Public Relations, Brigadier-General Bola Koleosho, confirmed 11 killed while 30 were injured in the bombing.

Another source however said that 20 worshippers, including a senior military officer, were killed in the church that has a total of 1,200 worshippers. The area was cordoned off immediately the incident happened, thereby preventing journalists from gaining access to the scene.

The blast which affected mostly women and children, left many worshippers severely injured including a senior military officer (names withheld).

Our correspondent gathered that the suicide bombers drove past the command’s gate in a Toyota Camry car and a bus.

LEADERSHIP exclusively gathered that the bombers tricked the soldiers at the gate and passed with the cars loaded with bombs and other church materials.

A source within the military formation who pleaded anonymity, said, “The bombers came through the entrance gate and claimed they were conveying equipment to the church in preparation of next week’s end of year bazaar and thanksgiving service.”

“The bombers hurried through the main military gate and when reaching the protestant church, parked the car at the window of the church choir stand, and immediately, the first explosion took place.  The second one exploded and killed over 20, including a senior officer. It happened around noon while they also wanted to bomb the Catholic church,” the source said.

Another source, who worships in the devastated church, told our correspondent that many military personnel of the Protestant faith worship in the targeted church.

Our correspondents report that the victims were rushed to Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital and the 44 Army Reference Hospital.

Confirming the incident, the Director of Army Public Relations, Brigadier General Bola Koleosho said, “There were twin suicide bombings yesterday at St. Andrew Military Protestant Church, Jaji Military cantonment, at 1205 hours and 1215 hours.”

“A bus first ran into the church and exploded about five minutes after service while a Toyota Camry parked outside the church detonated 10 minutes later. Figures of casualties are 11 dead and about 30 injured. The injured are receiving treatment at Military hospitals both in Jaji and Kaduna,” he said.

According to him, investigations into the bombings have commenced and the area already cordoned off.”

Although details are still sketchy, We  gathered that there were many casualties.

Kaduan State Governor Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa, through his media adviser, Reuben Buhari, said “It is with deep sadness that we sympathise with the family of those affected in the unfortunate incidence. No matter what happened, we are convinced that evil will never triumph over good forever and as such, we call on all to continue to cooperate with the government and security agencies to prevent incidents like this.”


Attack cruel, wicked — Northern Governors

The Northern States Governors Forum (NSGF) has commiserated with the Nigerian military over a deadly bomb incident which killed scores of worshippers at the St Andrews Protestant Church located within the Command and Staff College, Jaji, Kaduna State, describing the attack as cruel and wicked.

Chairman of the forum and Governor of Niger State, Dr Mu’azu Babangida Aliyu described the reported death of officers, men and members of their families as a great national loss.

In a statement signed by Governor Aliyu’s Chief Press Secretary, Danladi Ndayebo, the forum said the deceased were heroes and heroines who died in the course of service to our fatherland, and prayed that God will grant repose to their souls and give their families and friends the fortitude to bear the loss.

The statement urged the military not to be discouraged by the dastardly act, emphasizing that the nation would forever remain grateful to the military and other security agencies for the successes recorded so far in the war against terror.

The forum reiterated its commitment to continue to work closely with the federal government in finding a lasting solution to the security challenges confronting the nation.


Tambuwal condemns attack

For his part, Speaker of the House of Representatives, Hon Aminu Waziri Tambuwal, has condemned Sunday’s bomb blast which claimed multiple lives at the Jaji Military Cantonment in Kaduna State.

In a statement issued in Port Harcourt by his Special Adviser on Media and Public Affairs, Malam Imam Imam, Tambuwal urged the security agencies not to despair over the attack on their facilities.

He said no religion condones attack on innocent worshippers, and urged all those behind the bombings to stop forthwith.

While grieving with the families of those who lost loved ones in the unfortunate attack in Jaji, Tambuwal prayed for the quick recovery for those injured in the bombings.

He restated the commitment of the House of Representatives to do everything possible to assist security and other relevant agencies to tackle the problems of insecurity in the country.


Gunmen kill man, wife, child in Kano

A family of three, a man, his wife and a child were reportedly shot dead in Kano, yesterday, as unknown gunmen riding on a motorbike shot and killed them at close range while coming out of their residence in Na’ibawa quarters.

The tragic murder took place around 8.30 in the morning, bringing such incidences to five in series within one month in the Naibawa vicinity.

Sources said, the area is gradually slipping into notoriety as a result of serial killings.

According to an eyewitness account, the victims, who hailed from the South Eastern part of the country, were in a red Golf car and were reversing out of their compound to head for their worship place.

It was gathered that there were some vehicles parked in the premises in a single row as they were trying to manoeuvre their way out of the compound, when suddenly the two gunmen riding on motorbike stormed the area shot and killed them instantly.

An eye witness said a few moments after the gunmen escaped from the scene, Operatives of the Joint Task Force (JTF), backed with an armoured tank arrived and cordoned off the area.

Some of the security men reportedly spread to the adjoining streets, and provided tight security to track down the fleeing suspects.

According to a source, before the arrival of security men to the scene, sympathizers, who were frightened, had already gathered at the spot but were scared to move close to the attacked vehicle, the interior of which was smashed with bullets.

Meanwhile, the police had evacuated the bodies of the deceased persons and deposited same at the mortuary for autopsy.

Spokesman of the Kano State Police Command Public Relations officer (PPRO), ASP Magaji Majiya, who confirmed the incident, disclosed that on arrival at the scene security operatives conveyed the deceased to the hospital, who have already given up.

According to the Majiya, one of the man’s sons, who was in the vehicle at the time of the attack escaped unhurt, adding that investigation has begun to unravel the culprits behind the attack.

He therefore called on members of the public to assist the Police with useful information that would lead to the arrest of the fleeing gunmen.

It would be recalled that just last week, two gunmen, riding on a motorbike, shot and killed a Kano State lawmaker, a police officer and three others in Naibawa area.

Meanwhile, suspected gunmen yesterday attacked a divisional police station in Isa local government area of Sokoto State and carted away arms and ammunition a witness has said.

Isa town is about 150 kilometer from the State capital, Sokoto.

The gunmen, according to LEADERSHIP investigation, numbered about ten swamped the police station and opened fire sporadically before storming the armoury where they carted away with numerous arms and ammunition with ease.

However, from all indication they must be one of those armed bandits terrorism innocent people,” the eyewitness recounted.

On the contrary, Sokoto State Commissioner of Police, Alhaji Sha’aibu Gambo when contacted confirmed the attack saying his men were able to repel the attackers. He added that, his men at the scene equally recovered some unexploded bombs.

While assuring that his men are on their trail, the CP said no arrest has been made yet.

No official confirmation on the number of casualty at the time of filing this report, however, unconfirmed report has it that a police officer died in the attack.

By Mohammed Adow

Untill recently the city of Damaturu in the Yobe State was one of the most vibrant in North East Nigeria.

Bombings and killings by Boko Haram have brought this former regional hub to almost a virtual standstill.

At the point where people enter Damaturu, security forces use sniffer dogs to search every vehicle entering the city.

Members of Boko Haram are being blamed for a year of shootings and bombings that have shattered what little confidence there once was here.

Long queues have formed on either side of the checkpoint.

Many of the motorists are in a hurry to beat the dusk to dawn curfew imposed on not only Yobe but also neighbouring Borno state where Boko Haram have targeted for most of their attacks. Many of the motorists we spoke to are angry at the slow pace of the searches.

But government authorities insist that the many checkpoints and huge military presence in Damaturu have improved security.

I met the Governor of Yobe, Ibrahim Geidam, in his office.

And after chatting a bit about his long career as a civil servant before joining politics, we turn our attention to the insecurity gripping his state.

Classes of Boko Haram

The governor says he believes the violence in his state is not the work of just Boko Haram.

“We have three classes of Boko Haram. There is the original Boko Haram, the political Boko Haram and the criminal Boko Haram. Politicians have been funding young men to carry out attacks in order to achieve their selfish interests. Criminals are also taking advantage of the situation. I really doubt that the original Boko Haram is to blame for even 30 per cent of the attacks,” He said

They are attacks that have hit Damaturu really hard. The once bustling city is now largely deserted as thousands of its residents fled once the attacks intensified.

Security forces have blocked some of the town’s main streets and shops remain closed.

A dusk to dawn curfew and other emergency measures are making life unbearable for those who have chosen to stay.

Gun-toting soldiers have set up countless checkpoints and taken up positions outside churches, police stations and other locations that have previously been Boko Haram’s targets.

The soldiers say they are here to protect the residents of Damaturu- but people seem united in their condemnation of the curfew and the militarisation of the streets.

Most of those who fled the violence in Damaturu and other parts of Yobe whom I met in neighbouring Bauchi state say they also fled torture and extra-judicial killings being committed by the soldiers.

It is a charge the government outrightly denies.

Shifting tactics

Loosely translated, Boko Haram means Western Education is a sin. The group has destroyed hundreds of schools in north east Nigeria. We found construction workers building new classrooms in a school in Damaturu that Boko Haram had burned down. Many see the government efforts to rebuild schools as futile as the group they say, will most probably burn them again. The governor disagrees.

“They have done their worst and they have left. We have now gotten relative peace. We must ensure that our children must go to school. We can’t sit down and watch our children staying at home wasting time without attending school” he said.

Boko Haram have also attacked mobile phone masts across the north of the country – accusing mobile phone companies of helping security agencies to monitor its members.

Boko Haram’s tactics also seem to be changing.

Recently suspected members of the group set on fire a compound in Damaturu for Muslim pilgrims in the city.

A mosque, Islamic library and several other buildings were destroyed. It’s one of the first attacks of its kind against an Islamic place of worship – and it’s raising questions over whether the fighters, in addition to wanting to get rid of western education in Northern Nigeria, still want to establish strict Islamic law.

In any negotiation, both parties want to be starting from a position of strength. In the impending talks between the DRCongo’s M23 rebels and the government in Kinshasa, it seems the rebels hold all the aces, with one notable exception: international pressure.

In military terms, M23 is clearly dominant. Within the past eight months, they have steadily extended their reach across a relatively small but strategically crucial part of eastern Congo, and in a few decisive battles proved their ability to sweep aside not just the Congolese army, but the UN peacekeepers with all their heavy armour and air power.

Now that they control Goma. M23 also has the keys to a national treasure-chest – the huge mineral wealth rather unfairly concentrated around that part of the country. And they’ve crafted an agenda that they hope will give them some semblance of moral authority – demands that the government address issues including human rights abuses, appalling health-care, education and law and order.

The demoralised, underpaid and ill-equipped Congolese military has proven hopelessly incapable of holding the rebels back, abandoning their posts rather than fight for their often absent commanders.

The rebels will no doubt feel the international pressure to withdraw from Goma. It is loud and significant, but we’ve been here before. Months ago, when M23 made its last big surge, a similar meeting of regional heads of state demanded they give up newly-won territory. They didn’t. Instead, they waited for the complaints to die down and attention to turn elsewhere while they quietly organised themselves for the next push.

With no consequences for the rebels apart from finger-wagging and “strong condemnation” from the UN and neighbouring states, it is hard to see why they would give up Goma simply for a chance to talk to the Congolese government.

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The only protection the Awajaa family has against the Israeli rockets is a thin tarpaulin, stretched out over a small plot of land.

The tent, where they have been living on and off since their house was turned to rubble in the 2008-09 Israeli war on Gaza, is one of the first houses on the border, located a mere few hundred metres away from Israel.

“We are the first people to be attacked, and we are the people who can’t escape, as it is just empty lands around us,” said 15-year-old Omsiyat, the eldest of seven children.

Omsiyat considers her family and neighbours also to be victims of Israeli aggression, as their proximity to the border forces them to be one of the most vulnerable targets of attacks.

“This is not a victory, because [the Israelis] are destroying Gaza,” she said. “Yes, we scared them, but they still inflicted damage on us. This is not how we have a victory.

“We did not get two centimetres from Israel. How is this a victory?”

‘I don’t want to die’

The Israeli attacks on Gaza, which lasted eight days and came to an end with an Israeli-instigated ceasefire on Wednesday evening, killed a total of 162 Palestinians, including more than 40 children.

In Omsiyat’s opinion, the armed resistance, while having made some achievements, also put civilians in a very dangerous situation, making them the largest casualties of the war.

“We are older than our age because we have to take care of each other in these situations. There are definitely psychological consequences to what has been happening to us.” 

– Sana Al Daaour, 13

“I don’t want to die, and I don’t want anyone else to die, and there is a strong possibility we can be killed.”

While Gaza is often described as an open-air prison due to the crippling siege imposed by Israel, she says the word “prison” is not enough.

“If there was a stronger word than prison, then this is where we are. In a prison you can move around, here you cannot,” she said.

“If you are in a prison, you do not get bombed. Here we are in a prison and we get bombed.”

Awajaa, Omsiyat’s mother, described how her children would clamber on top of her as the missiles fell around them, too afraid to sleep. Four-year-old Zakriyat would cry all the time, insisting her parents lie next to her.

Ten-year-old Hala spent most of the time under a blanket. Three-year-old Layali would be too afraid to move from the bed to the kitchen for food. Six-year-old Diaa, who suffers from hearing and speech problems as a result of the 2008-09 war, has started wetting the bed.

“Diaa keeps asking if the new home we get will be bombed,” she said. “He keeps asking us to tell the Israelis not to hit our new home.”

‘They were more scared’

For 11-year-old Khadra Al Daaour and her five siblings, the fear and sleepless nights were bearable, knowing the Israelis were more afraid than they were.

“We tried to make ourselves calm, we would draw, we would write, we would make our mother tell us funny stories,” she said. “Of course we were scared, but the Israelis were more scared.

“This makes us feel stronger, and pushes us forward.”

Her 13-year-old sister Sana was keen to point out the situation for the children of Gaza is unique in comparison with children elsewhere in the world. For her, they are forced to mature beyond their years.

“We are older than our age because we have to take care of each other in these situations,” she said, explaining that despite this fact, there are still psychological issues as a result.

“There are definitely psychological consequences to what has been happening to us.”

“Some of my friends get so stressed because of the situation, they don’t stop talking until they’ve completely emptied their thoughts. They just want to get rid of everything inside,” she described. “Others stop talking altogether.”

For Khadra, the best distraction is to write and to draw. “I write poems, and I draw,” she said. “Tanks, planes in the sky, children escaping, our resistance carrying guns, these are all things we draw.”

“Right now, we’re making fun of the fact the Israelis were more scared than us,” she said, giggling.

An abnormal situation

Mustafa El Masri, a psychiatrist who works with the World Health Organisation, said in such hostile and abnormal situations, it is important for parents and teachers to keep talking to the children, explain to them what is going on, and listen to what they have to say.

“Depending on the age of the child, parents need to explain what is going on in very honest terms, and to correct misconceptions rather than impose certain views,” he said.


“The culture here is very advanced in the concepts of liberation, self-determination, and right to exist … therefore, the more parents are aware of this, and transmitting this to their children, the more the children understand and can remain calm.”

There are two stages of reaction after such hostilities; the biological, which focuses on self-preservation, and the “meaning-making” stage, where children attempt to digest and understand what has happened, what their role is, and why they are in such a place.

“At the moment, what we see is a ‘normal’ reaction towards the war, such as the inability to sleep, being afraid, and apprehensive,” El Masri said. “If this persists beyond the shock stage, then it needs to be looked into professionally.”

For him, the most important is that parents do not lie to their children, as this is the moment when children are attempting to build their own concepts and values.

“Children in Gaza are not naïve like children in other countries,” he said. “They are very politically aware. Parents should listen to them and answer their questions, no matter how difficult.”

He was keen to point out that having open discussions with children does not equate to normalising conflict and war.

“It is not normal that a person, with his children, be targeted by bombs and simply vanish,” he said. “But it is normal to learn how to prevent it. What we are doing here is coping with an abnormal situation.”

Omsiyat, who wants to be a journalist when she grows up, knows the experiences they have shared among themselves as children will remain with them forever.

“We think and we talk about everything else in the world, but the one thing that connects us all together is war,” she said.

Shag at Uni

Tom Thurlow known for setting up a successful second-hand book business at the age of 13, has established a very controversial website called ‘’ to allow university students meet up for casual sex.

Thurlow who claims about 722 female students from Oxford university alone dominates the site encourages members to send each other racy messages and meet up for no-strings-attached sex.

Just like a Facebook profile, it allows users to post a which explicitly advertises what they are looking for in a sexual partner.

‘The site is aimed at 18-30s university students, college students and people who may be friends of students. We have seen a real boost from the Oxford students,’ he said.

‘I am not surprised. When I tour the country filming MTV Freshers the Oxford students are always the most wild.

‘They are always uptight in the day but by night they were always the craziest. It doesn’t surprise me they have the highest proportion of women looking for sex.’

Since its launch in October the site has attracted 26,933 members with 18,400 men and 8,533 women signing up for membership.

Daily Mail reports:

Sex-crazed students aged 18-30 can create revealing profiles supplying potential suitors with descriptions of themselves and their sexual preferences.

Some of the academic members even include naked self portraits and explicit details of where and how they like to have sex.

One of Oxford’s academic elite described as ‘voluptuous Sandra’, 19, describes her interests as role playing, home-made adult movies and goes into detail about her favourite sex acts.

Anyone can join the site and users do not need a university email address or tie to a university institution to enter the site.

Tom Thurlow

Mr Thurlow, who has never studied at University, said: ‘At uni it is all night parties, partying on a Monday, Wednesday never mind the weekends.

‘People don’t go to university anymore to learn, they just want to have a good time – and part of that is having lots of sex.

‘I think the reason the site is so popular is that students don’t want commitment and they just want a casual lifestyle.

‘The site is what it is, people hunting for sex and they can approach it however they want through the site.

‘We offer all our members advice for meet-ups expressing how important it is to do the meet and greet in a public place.

‘It is important that our online members are safe.’

Membership is a one off £5 for men and free for women giving users the chance to message each other, “wink” at each other and arrange to meet.

The National Union of Students said today that people should consider their sexual health if getting involved.

#University students sexual practice is entirely a personal choice. The main consideration for the NUS is of course “safety first” and safe sex information is available from most Students Unions,’ a spokesman said.

Photo: Daily Mail

A jealous and controlling boyfriend brutally battered his partner to death just days after she refused to have a sexual threesome with him and a male friend, a court heard today.

Tuanjai Sprengel, 43, was stabbed with a kitchen knife by Muhammad Shafi then had her skull shattered with a pair of metal shears, which caused brain damage.

Her body was then dumped in an underpass near her home in Berkshire.

She also suffered a number of broken fingers, caused as the victim tried to defend herself from the brutal blows which rained down on her head.

Jurors were told how Shafi was accused of killing her by smashing her over the head with the pair of metal tinsnips.

Days before her tragic death, Tuk, as she was known, confided in a pal that Shafi had asked her to have a threesome with him and that he had become enraged when she refused.

She had told her friend that one of Shafi’s male friends was staying with the couple and that Shafi had wanted the man to sleep in their bedroom.

Alan Blake, prosecuting, said: ‘Shafi had suggested that he and Tuk should have sex and the friend should join in.

‘She refused and the defendant became angry.’ But Shafi’s male friend told police that although he had slept in their bedroom, he had not shared their bed and there had been no suggestion of a threesome.

Shafi, 28, had married his Thai girlfriend in an Islamic marriage in December last year, the jury at Reading Crown Court was told. They had sought to register the marriage under UK law in February but it had to be cancelled after the victim’s documents relating to the divorce of her German husband were not in order.

Shafi was on a student visa from Islamabad in Pakistan and ran a business placing students onto UK training courses.

He was granted an extension to stay on the grounds of the couple’s serious relationship. While Ms Sprengel had told friends and family that the pair ‘loved each other’, her cousin Jurairat Buncherd became concerned that it was a ‘marriage of convenience’, allowing Shafi to remain in the country.

The jury of eight women and four men were told that Shafi murdered Tuk and tried to cover his tracks. Mr Blake told the hearing: ‘The prosecution allege that this defendant – Muhammad Shafi – who is 28 years old, murdered his partner, Tuanjai Sprengel, aged 43 years, in an underpass in Bracknell in the early hours of May 27 this year.

‘He stabbed her in the neck with a kitchen knife but it was not that injury that led to her death.

‘The fatal injuries were caused when the defendant repeatedly bashed her over the back of the head with a pair of metal tin snips.

‘That caused multiple skull fractures and brain damage.

‘Her fingers were bruised and fractured as she protected her head from the blows. ‘He left her in that underpass and returned towards their home address.

‘He disposed of the knife and the metal tin snips in shrubbery near their house. He changed out of his bloodstained clothing and put it in a rucksack,’ added the prosecutor.

‘Later that morning he took that rucksack to a nearby house where he tried to persuade the people there to take possession of it.

‘But they refused and he himself then took the bag himself and disposed of it.’

The jury heard how he arrived at his friend Idress Haider’s home early on Sunday morning and told him ‘I’ve done a very bad thing’ before later confessing that he had ‘hit or killed his wife’.

Mr Haider told police that when he asked Shafi ‘is she dead?’ he replied ‘she must be dead by now, when I left she was gasping’.

The jury heard that police traced the victim to her rented property where they found the defendant. He was later arrested but answered ‘no comment’ in interview with detectives.


In Nigeria’s history, we had and are still witnessing instances of burglary, car theft, armed robbery, 419 and kidnapping. But none of these criminal acts has elicited massive media and national attention like the terrorists’ activities currently facing the country and none is as pernicious as terrorism. The long term effects on the society are as destructive as terrorists themselves as they involve dangerous erosion of some moral boundaries and have the potency to be accepted as a bargaining power for negotiation or a justifiable means of political or religious conflict. It has the tendency to simplify, justify and explain rather than condemned terrorism in all its ramifications. Hence, the explanation that terrorism in Nigeria is caused by poverty, unemployment, acrimonious political competition occasioned by bad leadership. Whatever are the causes; terrorism is reprehensible and therefore is condemnable.

The apparent insecurity in Borno state and some states of the North Eastern part of Nigeria occasioned by the activities of Boko Haram necessitated the establishment of the Joint Task Force codenamed JTF Operation Restore Order 1 in June 2011. The mandate of the Task Force is to restore law and order in the North Eastern parts of Nigeria and Borno state in particular.
In the course of actualizing its mandate, the JTF troops have since inception been operating in the most difficult situation and terrain accentuated by the endemic nature of the operation. Despite the obvious challenges of urban/asymmetric warfare, the JTF has succeeded in restoring and maintaining law and order in Borno state.

The successes notwithstanding, there are concerted efforts including damaging and negative press propaganda by the Boko Haram terrorists, their financiers and sympathizers to smear the image of the JTF, so as to discourage or distract it from actualizing its mandate. This is not surprising given the fact that terrorism thrives on publicity and forceful propaganda to attract attention, court sympathy and use as a tool for political negotiation.

Lt. Col. Musa Sagir– JTF Maiduguri Spokes person

It is apparent that publicity is the oxygen of terrorism and that modern terrorists also employ media terrorism to oil their dastard act. It makes no sense unless it is conspicuous in that targets are selected for maximum propaganda and publicity value. For instance, the bombing of United Nations Office in Abuja, the January 2012 coordinated attacks in Kano, Kaduna Easter bombing, the Potiskum cattle market incident, the bombing of This Day and The Sun Newspapers Offices in Abuja and Kaduna and, the massacre of 9 construction workers and recently, the assassination of a respected elder statesman Maj Gen Muhammadu Shuwa in Maiduguri.

Thus, to carry out a particular operation without getting any publicity out of it would be wasteful to a terrorist course.

Terrorism acts are acts intended to create fear or chaos among the people. The spread of public terror, fear and feeling of chaos depends largely on the images and messages being carried by media reports about the terrorist acts and threats. The omnipresence of mass media at global level frequently multiply these effects out of proportion. This is more so because terrorists have learned how to use information technology in order to disseminate their own audiovisual recordings, electronic messages or web sites on the internet to serve their goals.

Terrorists employ whatever means possible to sway public opinion toward their cause. Recently, the preponderance of criticisms against the JTF operations in Borno state and the desperation to manipulate images and post on the social media is a calculated attempt to smear the image of the JTF. Thus, the permanent presence of acts of terrorism in the media in daily life and their global reach has increased the need for re-think about the roles of the media (social media inclusive) in the context of terrorism.

Since terrorism thrives on publicity, it follows that the crucial roles of the media in fighting terrorism should start from the media industry and professionals themselves. Thus, there is need for the media to embark on self regulation in order not to play into the hands of terrorists. The media should be able to avoid over sensationalism of reports on terrorism so as not to offer terrorists a platform of undue and undeserved publicity since they do society no good but rather harbinger of pains, blood, death and sorrow. The relevant arms of security agencies should periodically organize workshops for media professionals aimed at increasing awareness of the sensitive nature of media report on terrorism and to avoid contributing to the aims of terrorists through their report by in some cases, unknowingly add to the fear of the members of the public.

The media ought to understand that refraining from disseminating any picture, image or stories of terrorist acts which often contribute to the negative effect of the acts on the people, is for all intent and purpose, a noble act. Therefore, there is need for relevant arms of government to prepare under the guidance and in cooperation with media professionals and qualified security agencies a handbook for journalist reporting about terrorist acts and violence. Reading through some news and opinion articles from some national dailies often makes one presume a sinister motives of such piece and the authors.

The tendency to aggravate the already tensed situation is very obvious in such articles and news reports, hence, there is need for the media to avoid exacerbating societal tensions through their reports. News, comments, images and hates speech capable of widening divisive tendencies, threaten national security, public safety or economic well being of a state, should be avoided or restricted.

It is pertinent to draw the attention of the public and to also remind the media that images are been exploited in an increasing number of ways to enhance their impact; social media has created what Andrew Keen referred to as ‘The Cult of the Amateur” – anyone could become a journalist in his or her own way.

The media is obviously being exploited, so also is the authenticity, reliability and motives of sources. Images had become raw materials and terrorists had become producers. Professional journalists had no control over the situation, given that anyone could publish images and text on the internet. Social media presents challenges and the media faces a complicated task to strike the right balance between their duty to inform the public and the danger of becoming tools in the hands of terrorists. They have to make painful choices involving their own conscience with regard to objectivity, decency and respect of the dignity of victims of the terrorist acts and the demand of media market competition. They must understand the narrow distinction between the public’s right to know and an efficient fight against terrorism. The media should be very careful in broadcasting, printing and in distributing materials gathered outside their professional means which have not been further authenticated.

Media practitioners should be wary while using produced materials by the terrorists which are mostly aimed at public terror to serve terrorists goals. History has shown that sometimes, the video recorded by the terrorists were for propaganda and a sure instrument for negotiations with the government for their freedom. As terrorist activities are increasing, it presents new challenges to the media industry and law enforcement agencies; the challenges of particularly avoiding hurting privacy, human dignity especially of the victim and separation of an individual attack from ideological as well as criminal context. It is not uncommon in Nigeria to attribute routine armed robbery incidents to terrorists’ acts.

Many terrorists’ activities are based on normal criminal behavior than on political or religious motive. Most attacks serve goals other than to realize religious or political objectives; they are clearly about money, attention, status and other advantages. That formed the basis why in many countries acts of terrorism are legally distinguished from criminal acts done for other purposes. For the media to effectively perform its roles, personal security and situation awareness is indispensable.

To be able to perform tasks required to contain terrorism, media practitioners must be alive and healthy. They must extricate themselves from the dangers of terrorism for them to be able to write and report news, be the watchdog of the security agencies and sensitize the public. Personal security is a must for self survival! Recently, the threat of harm to reporters, their families and media organizations has been an increasing concern for the security agencies.

As representative of the free flow of information, a very important group for the sustenance of democracy and as special risk group journalists deserves the special appreciation and protection of the whole of society. Journalists and their families are often threatened, killed and kidnapped. It is imperative the state and all relevant security agencies should take serious interest and measures to ensure the security of media practitioners in this country. At the individual level, reporters in or out of the field, must be vigilant and dogged to ethically shoulder their noble responsibilities in spite of incessant threats. I salute the courage of all those who practiced their profession with dedication especially in dangerous situations.

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uses, all thanks to him…

His Music is extraordinary, little wonder he is one of the most sort after artist for collabos.

Presently a 3rd year Mass communication student in the prestigious, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, IBY is a Nigerian with a crazy passion for excellence. With a unique voice texture that leaves goose bumps even on the scales of Fishes.

Indeed, his new work has pulled this “heavy

weight musical gaint” out of the blur, to a high resolution image of the next big thing in music from Africa.

The song is Titled “THE WAY YOU WHYNE”.

Click here to listen or download.

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Nigerian Communication Commission, early today, announced the immediate ban on all promos and lotteries by mobile networks Operators in the country.

In the light of the announcement, several Operators in the country has suspended all promotions and freebies including the popular X5 promo ran by both MTN and Airtel.

The announcement came when Nigerians were just begining to enjoy the benefits from subscribing to this operators.

The MTN Nigeria’s Wonder promo also recieved the hit, being the 1st of it’s kind in the country with a grand prize of an Aeroplane or it’s value in cash among other over 200million Naira cash prizes.

Also affected is the Glo promo that is geared towards entrepreneurship in the transport sector, with a grand prize of 3 Luxury buses and several executive taxis.

This news has left Nigerian in a state of awe, not at the news itself but at the speed at which these Telcom Operators shut down the promos. One might even consider it a relieve for the Operators, seeing that they were eager to stop the promos even before the announcement was over.

Nigerian Female Students Invent Urine-Powered Generator at Maker Faire Africa this year in Lagos.

it is an urine powered generator,
created by four girls. The girls are Duro-Aina Adebola (14), Akindele Abiola (14), Faleke Oluwatoyin (14) and Bello Eniola (15).

Their invention ensures that 1 Liter of urine gives you 6 hours of electricity. (JECUS!!! More than petrol)

The system works this way:
1. Urine is put into an electrolytic cell, which separates out the hydrogen.
2. The hydrogen goes into a water filter for purification, which then gets pushed into the gas cylinder.
3. The gas cylinder pushes hydrogen into a cylinder of liquid
borax, which is used to remove the moisture from the hydrogen gas.
4. This purified hydrogen gas is pushed into the generator.